By Nasser Kasozi Akandwanaho
The Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) issues new guideline in a revised licensing framework for radio broadcasting as a necessity to streamline Radio Broadcasting industry with new dynamics in technology and appreciating new realities in media and communication.
Eng.Irene Kaggwa the Ag.Executive Director told The Homeland Newspaper that, the current regime is outdated and out of touch with new realities so the Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) had to come up with new guidelines to enable broadcasting media industry grow with technology and experience while harmonizing all the spheres that promote good practice and growth.
Irene Kaggwa said, that In line with the new licensing framework, all radio broadcasters in Uganda are required to submit fresh applications for radio broadcasting licenses of their choice by July 31, 2020.
She said, that in addition to providing for different license fees for commercial and communal broadcasting services, the new framework also provides for a five-year license as opposed to the previous one, which was only valid for one year.
Over the years, the current licensing framework has been rendered inadequate by the changing technology, including broadcasting services. For instance, the new regime aims to facilitate the convergence of technology, allowing for harmonization of service provider licenses whereby operators can provide various services using the same license.
Licensing of providers of communication services is one of the core functions of Uganda Communication Commission [UCC] under section 5(1) (b) of the Uganda Communications Act 2013.
Uganda Communications Commission [UCC] Ag. Executive Director Irene Kaggwa Sewankambo said in a brief to radio broadcasters last month that the changes have been necessitated by the need to foster a more enabling environment for the provision of radio broadcasting services in Uganda.In accordance with sections 5(1)(b), 6(1)(e) and 39 of the Uganda Communications Act 2013.
“All existing radio broadcasters are accordingly invited to submit an application for the radio broadcasting license they wish to hold under the new licensing regime.”
The new guidelines camein to facilitate a seamless transition to the new framework, Ms Kaggwa Sewankambo said,
However, existing operators will not be charged license application fees and initial entry fees for the respective licenses they apply for. They will only pay for the applicable license fees.
In her brief, the Uganda Communication Commission [UCC] Executive Director reminded radio broadcasters that “possession of a valid license issued in accordance with Section 27 of the Act is a prerequisite for the grant of rights to use radio frequency spectrum.”
Through this revision, the radio broadcasting license is being expanded to include general clauses that are applicable to all public service providers.
Irene Kaggwa said that,the switch from a one-year to five-year license was precipitated by the need to improve the licensing process.
“Given the growing number of operators spread across the country, having to renew the radio license every year has proven to be unrealistic for not only the provider but also the Commission”. She said
The one-year license is also unfavorable for operators who might be interested in seeking finances to expand their business as financiers are unlikely to be keen on lending to a business with a short-term license.
License fees have been revised too, with the annual license fees for commercial radio, Tier 1 (national radio) fixed at Shs 7m, and Tier 2 (Kampala region) at Shs 5.6m. Annual license fees for Tier 3 (regional cities) are at Shs 4.2m and Tier 4 (rest of the country) at Shs 3.5m.
Community radio, on the other hand, is to pay Shs 1.4m in annual license fees. The revised fees structure constitutes a reduction in sums payable from the current framework, under which annual fees range from Shs 10m – Shs 2m.
Key provisions in the revised license framework include:
- Provision of services for new entrants must be within six (6) months from the date of issuance of the licence, failure of which the licence is withdrawn.
- To ensure compliance, every broadcaster shall be required to apply for a compliance certificate from the Commission every year of operation.
- The licence obliges the broadcaster to ensure that its services meet the Quality of Service standards as specified in the licence schedules and other standards as the Commission shall determine from time to time.
- The Commission requires the broadcaster to provide a copy of its charges for all licensed services for approval, alongside documentation that is necessary to support the pricing.
- The broadcasters are required to submit audited financial statements and related statements of operation, equity and cash flows.
- The broadcasters are required to annually make a percentage contribution of 2% of their gross annual revenues to the Commission.
- The broadcasters are required to submit to the Commission a document detailing the Licensee’s consumer complaints handling mechanism.
- The Licensee shall have an obligation to share its facilities and provide access to all the other providers that may have been licensed by the Licensor.
Regarding content, the broadcaster is obliged to observe the relevant laws of Uganda by complying with the following:
- Minimum Minimum Broadcasting Standards, Advertising Standards, Standards for Religious Broadcasting, Best Practice Guidelines for Electronic Media Coverage/Reporting and Broadcasting of Live Events, Programming Standards.
- Advertising Standards
- Standards for Religious Broadcasting
- Best Practice Guidelines for Electronic Media Coverage/Reporting and Broadcasting of Live Events
- Programming Standards
- All regulations, guidelines, codes, standards, and directives that shall be developed and issued by the Licensor from time to time
- Adherence to the submitted programme schedule, and in the event of the need to change seeking Licensor’s approval
- Compliance with the local content obligations as stipulated in the regulations, guidelines and standards as shall be set by the Licensor.